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Recognizing Bunions as They Develop

Bunions, also known as hallux valgus, may be noticed as they form through various early signs. These signs encompass redness, swelling, thickened skin, and tenderness surrounding the big toe joint, often accompanied by a bony lump or prominence. Additionally, calluses and corns may develop due to increased pressure on the affected area. Early stages of bunion formation can cause discomfort, especially during activities such as walking or wearing tight shoes, and may lead to limited movement and stiffness in the big toe joint. As the bunion progresses, stiffness and decreased mobility of the big toe joint may occur. This can affect your ability to move the toe freely and may lead to further complications if left untreated. Recognizing these signs allows for proactive measures to slow the progression. If left untreated, bunions may lead to chronic pain, difficulty in walking, and other complications such as hammer toe deformities or arthritis of the big toe. Consultation with a podiatrist is suggested for a proper evaluation and treatment plan. 

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our doctors of New England Foot & Ankle . Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Wakefield, MA, Nashua and Derry, NH . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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